|Rose Trellis Egg|
The 1907 Rose Trellis Egg is made of gold, green and pink enamel in various
shades, portrait diamonds, rose-cut diamonds and satin lining. Possubkt the
missing surprise was a chain, made of diamonds and watercolor on ivory.
This beautiful gold Easter egg is enameled in translucent pale green and
latticed with rose-cut diamonds and decorated with opaque light and dark
pink enamel roses and emerald green leaves. A portrait diamond is set at
either end of this Egg, the one at the base covering the date "1907".
Unfortunately the monogram, that probably was under the portrait diamond at
the other end, has now disappeared.
Originally the Egg contained an oval jeweled locket in which the surprise
was hidden. Only the impression on the satin lining now remains. Research
indicates the surprise was a diamond chain with a miniature of the little
Tsarevich Alexei, painted on ivory
Faberge eggs are the most famous decorated Easter eggs. They were those made by the well-known goldsmith, Peter Carl Faberge. In 1883 the Russian Czar, Alexander, commissioned Faberge to make a special Easter gift for his wife, the Empress Marie.
The first Faberge egg was an egg within an egg. It had an outside shell of platinum and enameled white which opened to reveal a smaller gold egg. The smaller egg, in turn, opened to display a golden chicken and a jeweled replica of the Imperial crown. This special Faberge eggs so delighted the Czarina that the Czar promptly ordered the Faberge firm to design further eggs to be delivered every Easter. In later years Nicholas II, Alexander's son,continued the custom. Sixty -seven Faberge eggs were made in all.
Gatchina Palace Egg
Owner: Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Height: 12,7 cm
|Continuing a practice initiated by his father, Alexander III, Tsar Nicholas
1901. Faberge's revival of 18th-century techniques, including the
application of multiple layers of translucent enamel over guilloche or
mechanically engraved gold, is demonstrated in the shell of this Egg. When
opened, the Egg reveals a miniature replica of the Gatchina Palace, the
Dowager Empress's principle residence outside St. Petersburg. So
meticulously did Faberge's workmaster, Mikhail Perkhin, execute the palace
that one can discern such details as cannons, a flag, a statue of Paul I
(1754-1801), and elements of the landscape, including parterres and trees.
The miniature palace is fixed inside the Egg and cannot be removed from it,
unlike the 1908 Alexander Palace Egg, which Faberge would create seven years
later for Alexandra Fyodorovna.|
The Gatchina Palace was Alexander III's favorite palace and after his death
in November 1894, the Dowager Empress retained Gatchina as her winter home,
even though he did not share her husband's enthusiasm for the Palace.
Obviously, Maria Fyodorovna's distaste for Gatchina either faded or remained
a well-kept secret. Faberge would certainty not have created this Egg
The village Gatchina was a small sleeping village when Catherine II
(Catherine the Great) decided to build a palace there for her lover, Grigori
Orlov, who helped her to the thrown after a coup in which Catherine's
husband (Peter III) was killed. Work started in 1766 and Catherine was
constantly overseeing the works.
After Orlov died, Catherine bought the palace from his heirs and gave it to
her son Paul Petrovich. Paul hated the idea that Gatchina was build for the
murderer of his father, but nevertheless he become fond of the Palace. The
Gatchina Palace was abandoned by Paul's son, Alexander I but was used again
by Nicholas I, who build two new quarters. The Tsars Alexander II, Alexander
III and Nicholas II used the palace from time to time but did not change
much on the exterior.
The 1901 Gatchina Palace Egg is made of "quatre-couleur" gold, opalescent
white enamel, opaque red, yellow and green enamel, diamonds, seed pearls and
velvet lining. The miniature palace is made of quatre-couleur gold.
The Egg is divided into twelve panels by lines of pearls. Portrait diamonds
are set at either end, but the monogram and the year of presentation, which
were probably set beneath them, have been removed. The gold Egg is enameled
opalescent white over a guilloche ground, under painted in a delicate design
of green and gold leaves, pink roses and red ribbons tied into a variety of